NASA Team Believed Foam Could Not Damage Space Shuttle. Transcripts released today by NASA show that, during the shuttle mission, the shuttle managers dismissed the possibility that foam insulation could damage Columbia. Results from the July 7 test of foam insulation striking the reinforced carbon carbon panels demonstrated the fatal fallacy of that belief. For full report information, visit the Columbia Accident Investigation Board website. Most disheartening are reports that the crew might have been saved had shuttle managers taken that possibility seriously and worked the problem. Then, in twenty years, we’d be watching Columbia 28 just as we watched Apollo 13 a few years ago.